Gum therapy, also known as periodontal therapy, is a type of dental treatment that focuses on the health of the gums and surrounding structures of the teeth. It is typically recommended for individuals with gum disease, which is an infection that damages the gum tissue and the bones that support the teeth.
There are several stages of gum disease, ranging from mild gingivitis to severe periodontitis, and the type of gum therapy required will depend on the stage and severity of the disease. Some common forms of gum therapy include:
- Scaling and root planing: This is a deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar buildup from the teeth and roots.
- Antibiotic therapy: Antibiotics may be prescribed to help control the infection and reduce inflammation.
- Surgery: In severe cases of gum disease, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged gum tissue and bones. This can include flap surgery, bone and tissue grafts, and regenerative procedures.
- Maintenance therapy: Once the gum disease has been treated, ongoing maintenance therapy is often necessary to maintain gum health and prevent the disease from recurring.
It is important to maintain good oral hygiene practices and receive regular dental check-ups to help prevent gum disease and ensure good gum health.