Management of joint disorders and bite rehabilitation

Joint disorders and bite rehabilitation are related fields in dentistry that focus on the management of conditions affecting the temporomandibular joints (TMJ) and bite. TMJ disorders can cause pain, headaches, jaw stiffness, and difficulty in opening and closing the mouth. Bite rehabilitation involves correcting the way the upper and lower teeth come together, also known as occlusion.

The following are some common treatments for joint disorders and bite rehabilitation:

  1. Orthotics: Custom-made splints or night guards can be used to reduce stress on the TMJ and realign the bite.
  2. Physical therapy: Specific exercises and stretches can help improve joint mobility and reduce pain.
  3. Medications: Anti-inflammatory medications, pain relievers, and muscle relaxants can help relieve symptoms associated with TMJ disorders.
  4. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace the damaged joint.
  5. Bite adjustment: The bite can be adjusted through the reshaping or repositioning of teeth, orthodontic treatment, or dental restorations such as crowns or bridges.
  6. Occlusal equilibration: This is the process of adjusting the bite to reduce excessive stress on the TMJ and improve the overall functioning of the jaw.

It is important to work closely with a dentist or oral surgeon to determine the best course of treatment for joint disorders and bite rehabilitation. Regular dental check-ups can also help monitor and maintain the health of the TMJ and bite.

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